European orators in the age of humanism:
Image and rights
British women travellers to Lyon in the 18th century
History and historiography of Italy, 12th-19th century
Cultural atlas of Italian towns, relying on a team of ten French researchers specialising in Italy
Six members of the LUHCIE (three from the former CRHIPA and three from the former GERCI) and four from PACTE are involved in the AF-FRANCHIR project which brings together historians, literature specialists and geographers. Spanning the geography of borders and history of emotions, its purpose is to study the mediatisation of emotions associated with crossing borders. Its methodology involves encouraging teamwork, during field investigations, between researchers and artists, with a view to examining the ways in which emotions are passed on and their political uses – according to an approach that Luc Boltanski, quoting Hannah Arendt, refers to as the “politics of pity”. The example selected is South Africa, where the team has travelled to study current traces of the borders of the former bantustans (homelands). These investigations culminated in the book Histoires de frontières. Une enquête sud-africaine (Paris, Manuella éditions, 2017).
Project leader : Sylvain Venayre, Professor of contemporary history at the Université de Grenoble, Director of the LUHCIE.
Other members :
Anne-Laure Amilhat-Szary (PACTE), Professor of geography at the Université Grenoble Alpes, member of the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) – Gilles Bertrand (LUHCIE), Professor of modern history at the Université Grenoble Alpes, member of the IUF – Leonardo Casalino (LUHCIE), Lecturer of contemporary history at UGA – Lisa El Ghaoui (LUHCIE), Lecturer of contemporary literature at UGA – Naïma Ghermani (LUHCIE), Lecturer of modern history at UGA, member of the IUF – Alessandro Giacone (LUHCIE), Lecturer of contemporary history with research supervision accreditation (HDR) at UGA – Myriam Houssay-Holzschuch (PACTE), Professor of geography at UGA, former member of the IUF – Claire Marynower (PACTE), lecturer of contemporary history at Sciences Po Grenoble – Sarah Mekdjian (PACTE), Lecturer of geography at UGA.
Coordinator : Estelle Doudet (Lit&Arts) and Ilaria Taddei (LUHCIE)
This project is aimed at launching an international research network around the history of media practices across Europe of the first modernity (14th–16th century).
It focuses on the subject of orators. Such a title was often claimed by the professions of the spoken word (jurists, diplomats, actors, preachers) as well as by groups claiming to make legitimate use of discourse in the public interest (urban authorities, merchants, intellectuals, etc.).
Our hypothesis is that a combination of three factors underpin this movement :
- a framework of thinking dominated by the revival of rhetoric and oratory action
- the development of professional and non-professional practices of public speaking, supported by such media as the theatre or printing
- the circulation and challenging, Europe-wide, of styles and forms of expression, in Latin and in the modern languages; the focus will be on questioning possible contacts between these
- Scientific aims: better understanding, at European level, a particular chapter in the history of public communication. Comparing the new forms of public debate in the 21st century, between technological innovations and the search for different means of political participation
- Methods: socio-stylistic and rhetorical analysis conducted in diverse languages (Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, English, Dutch and German); social and political history of the first modernity; archaeology of public beliefs and media practices
- Forms of work: 3 study days/year, bringing together international specialists and open to Master’s students and above
Events: study day “European orators in the age of humanism”.
Image and rights
Coordinators : (Naïma Ghermani and Caroline Michel d’Annoville)
The “Images and Rights” project is a series of three international, interdisciplinary meetings delving into jurists’ relationship with the image – from antiquity right through to today. What ties are forged between an original creation, the use of images and rights ? What rights are applied to which images ? How do religious stakes underpin part of the right to images in antiquity and the Middle Ages ? What is the place of images not only in legal production of the 16th century but also in the economy of the legal text ? In this day and age, how is the animated image considered and what are the legal limits to using images ?
An initial round-table discussion organised in Rome on 2 and 3 December 2013, together with the École Française de Rome, looked at the theme of image rights and questioned the famous ancient Jus Imaginum (the right to use the pictures or statues of ancestors), its effects and reception in the modern era, as well as the judicial uses and current “publicity right” which must constantly be redefined today during the Internet age. There are two more aspects to be analysed : the legal uses made of images and the rejection and condemnation of images. These issues strike up a dialogue between law historians, art historians and image specialists in general, spanning different historical periods. In this respect, the project seeks to be a long-term joint venture since researchers who take part in the initial sessions will be encouraged to continue the discussion during subsequent meetings.
This diversity of approaches and languages among participants chimes with the LUHCIE research strands, namely Strand 2, “Signature”, on the anthropology of images, markings and image rights. It also relies on cooperation with jurists from the Legal Research Centre, particularly the members of the CUERPI team (http : //crj.upmf-grenoble.fr/axes-de-recherche/cuerpi/), which specialises in the question of image rights and intellectual property.
In keeping with the Université de Grenoble’s longstanding close scientific ties with Italy, there are also researchers from two international institutions in Italy involved in the project : École Française de Rome and Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz-Max-Planck Institute, which runs a research programme dedicated to legal images.
Several types of publication have resulted from these three meetings. Pending a complete summary paper edition, the LUHCIE website already contains participants’ working papers. This platform can also be accessed from the EFR website and features a catalogue of legal images or judicial uses as well.
– Rome, 2 & 3 December 2013 : Round-table discussion : Images and rights (I) : Image rights
– Rome, 4 & 5 December 2014 : Symposium : Images and Rights II : the legal use made of images
– Grenoble, 23-25 November 2015 : From regulation to the refusal of images
Joint coordinator : Gilles Bertrand
This project follows on from a seminar held from 2012 to 2015 at the ENS de Lyon thanks to support from the Rhône-Alpes Region and LIRE Laboratory of the ENS de Lyon, together with the LUHCIE and CEMRA (which has now become part of team ILCEA4), under the ARC 5 project. It works in partnership with the Musées Gadagne d’histoire de Lyon and Bibliothèque municipale de Lyon-La Part Dieu.
Until the summer of 2015, the interdisciplinary research seminar organised by Isabelle Baudino, from the ENS de Lyon, hosted Anglicists, historians, geographers and gender study specialists. It provided opportunities to analyse a brand new corpus of travel accounts published by British women during the “long 18th century” which, in British historiography, corresponds to the period stretching from the “glorious revolution” of 1688 to the beginning of Queen Victoria’s reign in 1837. Taking questions overlapping several disciplinary fields as its starting point, the seminar highlighted the place and role of the City of Lyon in the itinerary of British women travellers. The approach is a comparative one and considers female perceptions of the capital of the Gauls in relation to other stages of the Grand Tour, as well as in relation to the perceptions found in accounts written by men. Based on the Lyon model, this project comes in the wake of other recent studies looking at the Grand Tour from a female perspective.
Beyond the periodic seminar which served as a forum for discussion, three types of initiative have come about through this project :
1) translations into French of British women travellers’ texts, done by students at the ENS and already available online on the ARC5 website
2) a symposium organised on 5-6 April 2013 by the ENS de Lyon at the Musée Gadagne, which gave rise to the volume supervised by Isabelle Baudino, Les Voyageuses britanniques au XVIIIe siè cle. L’ étape lyonnaise dans l’ itinéraire du Grand Tour, Paris, L’Harmattan, coll. “Des idées et des femmes”, 2015.
3) a website currently being designed on the history of travels to Lyon, jointly coordinated by the ENS de Lyon and Bibliothèque municipale de Lyon La Part-Dieu.
This programme continues to benefit from research undertaken by two doctoral students with a three-year funding grant from the Rhône-Alpes Region, as part of new research support schemes called “Communautés Académiques de Recherche” (ARC) : Damien Petermann (L’espace lyonnais représenté à l’usage des voyageurs aux époques moderne et contemporaine, histoire et construction de l’image d’un territoire, XVIIe-XXe siècle, supervised by Bernard Gauthiez, Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3, UMR 5600), awarded a doctoral contract for ARC7, and Grégoire Besson (Le temps du voyage : rythmes et perception de la durée dans les pratiques du voyage en Europe entre Lumières et Romantisme (18e siècle-milieu 19e siècle), supervised by Gilles Bertrand, Université Grenoble Alpes, LUHCIE), awarded a doctoral contract under the ARC5 scheme.
Coordinators : Gilles Bertrand, Ilaria Taddei
Since 2003 Gilles Bertrand and Ilaria Taddei have been involved in a research team of some twenty specialists from French universities working on the history and historiography of Italy. Coordinated by the EHESS-UMR Centre Norbert Elias (CNRS) in Marseille, in partnership with the Université d’Avignon and CIRILLIS of the Université de Bordeaux, this cross-disciplinary programme has already given rise to the publication of two volumes : Une histoire politique de la Toscane. Pouvoir, territoire, ressources, XIVe-XIXe siècle, Rennes, PUR, 2004 ; La politique par correspondance. Les usages politiques de la lettre en Italie, XIVe-XVIIIe siècle, Rennes, PUR, 2009. A third publication is currently underway on Histoires d’Italies, XIIe-XIXe siècles. Pratiques et expériences territoriales. A number of working hypotheses on the writing of this history of Italy have been established during an initial meeting, held in October 2013 in Bordeaux. The third component of this programme does not set out to produce a “summary of Italy” or a “multi-faceted Italy”, but rather to remove the divisions between conventional observation scales and organise each section of the volume on the basis of different interactions.
As part of her doctoral contract, Marion Bertholet is working on this programme, under the supervision of Gilles Bertrand and Ilaria Taddei, who already supervised her during the first and second years of her Master’s.
Coordinator : Gilles Bertrand
Instigated within the CRHIPA (“Voyage, territoire, savoirs. L’espace culturel des villes italiennes à l’époque moderne, de l’imaginaire au réel”) as part of cluster 13 “Culture, heritage and creation” of the Rhône-Alpes region (“Heritage and territory” strand coordinated by Bernard Gauthiez, Lyon 3) this atlas project is a long-term venture worked on as part of the ARC5 and then with support from the Institut Universitaire de France (2012-2017 programme : “L’expérience de l’Italie. Mobilités européennes dans la péninsule italienne, 1680-1830″).